Document


Title

Small mammal responses to thinning and wildfire in ponderosa pine-dominated forests of the southwestern United States
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Sarah J. Converse; Gary C. White; William M. Block
Publication Year: 2006

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • biomass
  • effective trapping area
  • FFS - Fire and Fire Surrogate Study
  • fire surrogate
  • mark-recapture
  • model selection
  • Peromyscus spp.
  • population density
  • small mammals
  • Tamias spp.
  • thinning
  • weighted regression
  • wildfire
  • wildlife
Region(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: March 15, 2016
FRAMES Record Number: 6678

Description

As part of a national experiment, the Fire and Fire Surrogate Project, we evaluated the effects of forest thinning on small mammal population densities and total small mammal biomass in ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa)-dominated forests at 2 study areas in northern Arizona and northern New Mexico, USA. We also evaluated the effects of wildfire on small mammal population densities and biomass after a wildfire burned a portion of one study area. Our statistical methods consisted of estimation of population densities in combined analyses across space and time, followed by a weighted regression analysis of treatment effects on densities. We hypothesized that habitat change postdisturbance would be the critical determinant of population responses to thinning and wildfire within 1 year of disturbances. Our results largely supported this hypothesis, as we documented predicted positive responses to thinning for deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus), gray-collared chipmunks (Tamias cinereicollis), and least chipmunks (T. minimus). We also observed predicted positive responses to wildfire for deer mice, although our results did not support predicted negative responses to wildfire for least chipmunks. Total small mammal biomass generally increased following both thinning and wildfire. Our results suggest that fuel reduction treatments will have the largest positive impact on small mammal populations in areas where tree densities are especially high.

Online Link(s):
Link to this document (208 KB; full text; pdf)
Citation:
Converse, Sarah J.; White, Gary C.; Block, William C. 2006. Small mammal responses to thinning and wildfire in ponderosa pine-dominated forests of the southwestern United States. The Journal of Wildlife Management 70(6):1711-1722.