Document


Title

Evidence for lack of a fuel effect on forest and shrubland fire rates of spread under elevated fire danger conditions: implications for modelling and management
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Miguel G. Cruz; Martin E. Alexander; Paulo A. Martins Fernandes
Publication Year: 2022

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • dead fuel moisture content
  • fire propagation
  • fire spread modeling
  • fire weather
  • forest fuels management
  • fuel characteristics
  • fuel model
  • fuel type
  • wind speed
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Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 15, 2022
FRAMES Record Number: 65973

Description

The suggestion has been made within the wildland fire community that the rate of spread in the upper portion of the fire danger spectrum is largely independent of the physical fuel characteristics in certain forest ecosystem types. Our review and analysis of the relevant scientific literature on the subject suggest that fuel characteristics have a gradual diminishing effect on the rate of fire spread in forest and shrubland fuel types with increasing fire danger, with the effect not being observable under extreme fire danger conditions. Empirical-based fire spread models with multiplicative fuel functions generally do not capture this effect adequately. The implications of this outcome on fire spread modelling and fuels management are discussed.

Online Link(s):
Citation:
Cruz, Miguel G.; Alexander, Martin E.; Fernandes, Paulo M. 2022. Evidence for lack of a fuel effect on forest and shrubland fire rates of spread under elevated fire danger conditions: implications for modelling and management. International Journal of Wildland Fire 31(5):471-479.