Document


Title

An assessment of forest fires and CO2 gross primary production from 1991 to 2019 in Mação (Portugal)
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Helena Fernandez; Fernando M. Granja-Martins; Celestina M.G. Pedras; Patricia Fernandes; Jorge M.G.P. Isidoro
Publication Year: 2021

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • fire severity
  • forest
  • GPP - gross primary production
  • Portugal
  • satellite image
  • wildfires
Region(s):
  • International
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 9, 2021
FRAMES Record Number: 63791

Description

Forest-fire rates have increased in Southern European landscapes. These fires damage forest ecosystems and alter their development. During the last few decades, an increase in fast-growing and highly fuel-bearing plant species such as bush, Eucalyptus globulus Labill., and Pinus pinaster Ait. has been observable in the interior of Portugal. This study aims to verify this assumption by the quantification of the biomass carbon sink in the forests of the Mação municipality. Maps of fire severity and forest biomass evolution after a wildfire event were produced for the period of 1991 to 2019. To quantify carbon retention in this region, this evolution was correlated with gross primary production (GPP) on the basis of satellite imagery from Landsat 5, Landsat 8, and MODIS MYD17A2H. Results show that wildfires in Mação increased in area and severity with each passing decade due to the large accumulation of biomass promoted by the abandonment of rural areas. Before the large fires of 2003, 2017, and 2019, carbon rates reached a daily maximum of 5.4, 5.3, and 4.7 gC/m2/day, respectively, showing a trend of forest-biomass accumulation in the Mação municipality.

Online Link(s):
Citation:
Fernandez, Helena Maria; Granja-Martins, Fernando M.; Pedras, Celestina M.G.; Fernandes, Patrícia; Isidoro, Jorge M.G.P. 2021. An assessment of forest fires and CO2 gross primary production from 1991 to 2019 in Mação (Portugal). Sustainability 13(11):5816.