The wildland fire challenge is vexing in part due to its complexity. Involving a socio-ecological mix of people, weather, climate, landscapes and vegetation, among other factors, it will not be solved overnight. Policy has been clear for some time on the directions we should take. They key question is how to achieve more effective implementation of existing policy. Windows of opportunity are currently opening that may begin to set the stage for more widespread, transformation change, if we are prepared to leverage them. This presentation is a synthesis of 20 years of work on governance, policy, and the potential for long-term enduring change as we seek to find a more sustainable paradigm that allows greater coexistence with wildland fire.