Document


Title

LACES: Adding an "A" for Anchor point(s) to the LCES wildland firefighter safety system
Document Type: Book Chapter
Author(s): Martin E. Alexander; William R. Thorburn
Editor(s): Brigitte Leblon; Martin E. Alexander
Publication Year: 2015

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • Alberta
  • Canada
  • fire entrapment avoidance
  • fire suppression
  • firefighter fatalities
  • LACES - Lookout(s) – Anchor point(s) – Communication(s) – Escape routes – Safety zone(s)
  • LCES - Lookouts - Communications - Escape Routes - Safety Zones
  • risk management
  • safe work practices
  • situational awareness
  • wildfire case studies
  • wildland firefighting
Partner Site(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: October 12, 2020
FRAMES Record Number: 62084

Description

As an acronym, LACES stands for Lookout(s) - Anchor point(s) - Communication(s) - Escape routes - Safety zone(s) and has gradually become a guideline for wildland firefighter safety in various regions of Canada over the past 15 years or so. LACES constitutes a slight modification, to the popular LCES wildland fire safety system as developed by the late Paul Gleason in 1991 and used by U.S. wildland firefighters to protect themselves from being killed or injured by free-burning wildfires and other fireline hazards (e.g. lightning, rolling rocks and logs, fire-weakened timber) - namely the addition of an "A" for Anchor point(s). An anchor point serves as a barrier to fire spread and is employed as a starting point to begin fire suppression work in order to minimize the chance of being outflanked by a fire while line is being systematically constructed, thereby decreasing the likelihood of being entrapped or burned-over by a spreading wildfire. The case is argued here that LACES is a significant and essential improvement over LCES.

Online Link(s):
Citation:
Alexander, Martin E.; Thorburn, William R. 2015. LACES: Adding an “A” for Anchor point(s) to the LCES wildland firefighter safety system. Chapter 4 (pages 121-144) in Leblon, Brigitte; Alexander, Martin E. (editors), Current International Perspectives on Wildland Fires, Mankind and the Environment. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 272 p.