Document


Title

Forging, protecting, and repairing community resilience informed by the 2019-2020 Australian bushfires
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Sancia West; Denis C. Visentin; Amanda Neil; Grad Dip; Rachel Kornhaber; Valerie Ingham; Michelle Cleary
Publication Year: 2020

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • Australia
  • community resilience
  • public health
  • trauma psychology
Region(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: February 8, 2020
FRAMES Record Number: 60696

Description

Natural disasters are inherently traumatic. The unexpected, unpredictable, threatening, and overwhelming nature of these events can be destabilising and distressing, potentially leading to psychological trauma (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration, 2014). Psychological trauma encompasses how people respond to physical and psychological events that involve actual or life‐threatening situations resulting in an intense fear of helplessness (Flannery, 2015). Yet, the experience of psychological trauma is not inevitable, and indeed much can be done to ‘trauma‐proof’ communities and the many emergency service personnel who respond to such events. The experience of a natural disaster, such as the 2018 Californian 'wildfires' and the 'bushfires' currently occurring in Australia, provides the knowledge and context to inform all future trauma‐related preparations and responses to disaster experiences. Our premise is that if effectively trained, prepared, and supported, communities can consolidate and reinforce community resilience and social capital during natural disasters. Communities which continually enhance their resilience will have reduced likelihood of experiencing trauma and/or lowered degree to which trauma is experienced, which increases their capacity to respond more positively to future events.

Online Link(s):
Citation:
West, Sancia; Visentin, Denis C.; Neil, Amanda; Dip, Grad; Kornhaber, Rachel; Ingham, Valerie; Cleary, Michelle. 2020. Forging, protecting, and repairing community resilience informed by the 2019-2020 Australian bushfires. Journal of Advanced Nursing online early.