Document


Title

Projections of fire danger under climate change over France: where do the greatest uncertainties lie?
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): H. Fargeon; Francois Pimont; Nicolas K. Martin-StPaul; Miquel De Cáceres; Julien Ruffault; Renaud Barbero; Jean-Luc Dupuy
Publication Year: 2020

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • climate change
  • emergence
  • fire danger
  • fire weather index
  • France
  • projection
Region(s):
  • International
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: January 6, 2020
FRAMES Record Number: 60540

Description

Global warming is expected to increase droughts and heatwaves, and consequently fire danger in southern Europe in the forthcoming decades. However, an assessment of the uncertainties associated with this general trend at regional scales, relevant to decision-making, is still missing. This study aims at assessing potential climate change impacts on fire danger over France through the projection of the widely used Fire Weather Index (FWI) and at quantifying the different sources of climate-driven uncertainty associated with these projections. We used daily climate experiments covering the 1995-2098 period under two scenarios (RCP4.5 and RCP8.5) provided by the EURO-CORDEX initiative. Our results show an overall increase in FWI throughout the century, with the largest absolute increases in the Mediterranean area. Model uncertainty was very high in western France, previously identified as a potential fire-prone region under future climate. In contrast, large increases in FWI in the Mediterranean area showed low uncertainty across models. Besides, analyzing the natural variability of FWI revealed that extreme years under present-day climate could become much more frequent by the end of the century. The FWI is projected to emerge from the background of natural variability by mid-twenty-first century with a summer elevated fire danger three times more likely when summer temperature anomaly exceeds + 2 °C.

Online Link(s):
Citation:
Fargeon, H.; Pimont, Francois; Martin-StPaul, Nicolas K.; De Cáceres, Miquel; Ruffault, Julien; Barbero, Renaud; Dupuy, Jean-Luc. 2020. Projections of fire danger under climate change over France: where do the greatest uncertainties lie? Climatic Change online early.