The efficiency of a firebreak, built in a shrubland has been studied numerically using a multiphase physical model. The physical mechanisms governing the propagation of the surface fire and the consequences upon the temperature signal and the radiative heat flux received by a target located at 1 m above the ground level, have been firstly studied before positioning the firebreak. The role played by the flame and the recirculation of hot gases to the ignition of unburned fuel (especially the dry grass) ahead of the fire front have been clearly identified. Four values of the firebreak width LC (ranged between 5 and 20 m) and 3 values of wind velocities (ranged between 1 and 8 m/s) have been tested. The simulations show that above a threshold value of this parameter, even if a small amount of the fuel located on the opposite side of the firebreak was ignited, the released energy was not sufficient to sustain the propagation of the surface fire after crossing the firebreak.