This reference list provides an overview of key literature relating to fire restoration and management in wilderness and similarly protected areas. This list, which centers on the United States, should be helpful to managers or researchers new to the topic, or to those seeking knowledge about specific aspects of wilderness fire management. Because of the large volume of information on wildland fire, as well as the efforts of other agencies and research organizations to synthesize this information, we did not develop a comprehensive bibliography on all aspects of fire ecology and management. Instead, we focus on the scientific literature that relates most directly to wilderness fire issues. We have given particular attention to the challenges of returning fire to wilderness following a history of fire suppression.