Local residents, working with the village council and Alaska Fire Service, received federal funding to reduce the fire risk and hazard to private residential structures by modifying fuel structure and continuity of 66 acres around the community of Tanacross. Additional acres were treated in 2005 and 2006. Pre-existing crown closure of primarily white spruce was 60-100% and treatment was intended to produce an open stand to reduce the impact of an oncoming wildfire and provide easier access for suppression efforts. At the same time, residents wanted to minimize the visual and ecological impact of the shaded fuel break by using hand crews to treat the area instead of heavy equipment (Figure 1). The prescription was designed to minimize the risk of spreading disease and damage to remnant trees when cutting, piling, and burning slash piles.