Document


Title

The health impacts and economic value of wildland fire episodes in the U.S.: 2008-2012
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Neal L. Fann; Breanna Alman; Richard A. Broome; Geoffrey G. Morgan; Fay H. Johnston; George A. Pouliot; Ana G. Rappold
Publication Year: 2018

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • air quality
  • CMAQ - Community Multiscale Air Quality Modeling System
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • health impact assessment
  • hospital admissions
  • Idaho
  • Louisiana
  • mortality
  • Oregon
  • ozone
  • particulate air pollution
  • PM2.5
  • smoke exposure
  • source apportionment
  • southern California wildfires
  • wildfires
  • wildland fires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: August 22, 2019
FRAMES Record Number: 55631
Tall Timbers Record Number: 33704
TTRS Location Status: Not in file
TTRS Call Number: Available
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

Introduction: Wildland fires degrade air quality and adversely affect human health. A growing body of epidemiology literature reports increased rates of emergency departments, hospital admissions and premature deaths from wildfire smoke exposure. Objective: Our research aimed to characterize excess mortality and morbidity events, and the economic value of these impacts, from wildland fire smoke exposure in the U.S. over a multi-year period; to date no other burden assessment has done this. Methods: We first completed a systematic review of the epidemiologic literature and then performed photochemical air quality modeling for the years 2008 to 2012 in the continental U.S. Finally, we estimated the morbidity, mortality, and economic burden of wildland fires. Results: Our models suggest that areas including northern California, Oregon and Idaho in the West, and Florida, Louisiana and Georgia in the East were most affected by wildland fire events in the form of additional premature deaths and respiratory hospital admissions. We estimated the economic value of these cases due to short term exposures as being between $11 and $20B (2010$) per year, with a net present value of $63B (95% confidence intervals $6-$ 170); we estimate the value of long-term exposures as being between $76 and $130B (2010$) per year, with a net present value of $450B (95% confidence intervals $42-$ 1200). Conclusion: The public health burden of wildland fires-in terms of the number and economic value of deaths and illnesses-is considerable. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Online Link(s):
Citation:
Fann, N., B. Alman, R. A. Broome, G. G. Morgan, F. H. Johnston, G. Pouliot, and A. G. Rappold. 2018. The health impacts and economic value of wildland fire episodes in the U.S.: 2008-2012. Science of the Total Environment, v. 610, p. 802-809. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.08.024.