Aids to determining fuel models for estimating fire behavior
Document Type: Report
Author(s): Hal E. Anderson
Publication Year: 1982

Cataloging Information

  • fire danger rating
  • forest fuels
  • fuel appraisal
  • fuel management
  • fuel models
  • heavy fuels
  • NFDRS - National Fire Danger Rating System
  • rate of spread
  • shrub fuels
  • slash
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: November 4, 2019
FRAMES Record Number: 5496
Tall Timbers Record Number: 514
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


This report presents photographic examples, tabulations, and a similarity chart to assist fire behavior officers, fuel management specialists, and other field personnel in selecting a fuel model appropriate for a specific field situation. Proper selection of a fuel model is a critical step in the mathematical modeling of fire behavior and fire danger rating. This guide will facilitate the selection of the proper fire behavior fuel model and will allow comparison with fire danger rating fuel models. The 13 fire behavior fuel models are presented in 4 fuel groups: grasslands, shrublands, timber, and slash. Each group comprises three or more fuel models; two or more photographs illustrated field situations relevant to each fuel model. The 13 fire behavior fuel models are cross-referenced to the 20 fuel models of the National Fire Danger Rating System by means of a similarity chart. Fire behavior fuel models and fire danger rating fuel models, along with the fire-carrying features of the model and its physical characteristics, are described in detail.

[This publication is referenced in the "Synthesis of knowledge of extreme fire behavior: volume I for fire managers" (Werth et al 2011).]

Online Link(s):
Link to this document (1.8 MB [OCR]; pdf-TreeSearch)
Anderson, Hal E. 1982. Aids to determining fuel models for estimating fire behavior. General Technical Report INT-GTR-122. Boise, ID: USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experimental Station. 22 p.