The problems with fire exclusion and fire reintroduction in longleaf pine forests
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): D. D. Wade
Publication Year: 2002

Cataloging Information

  • duff
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • fire adaptations (plants)
  • fire exclusion
  • fire frequency
  • fire intensity
  • fire management
  • forest management
  • fuel accumulation
  • headfires
  • litter
  • longleaf pine
  • needles
  • pine forests
  • Pinus palustris
  • surface fires
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 54024
Tall Timbers Record Number: 31613
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


From the text ... 'In the South, it is not a question of whether or not to use fire, but instead a question of the frequency, intensity and season of application needed to accomplish specific objectives. Excluding fire from longleaf forests increases the potential intensity and severity of the next fire as woody shrubs and hardwoods invade the midstory -- creating 'ladders' for fire to climb from the forest floor to tree canopy. Also, the accumulation of pine needles on the forest floor begins to shade out fire-dependent plants and animals while preventing natural regeneration of longleaf pines. Of more concern to fire managers and the public as the fire-free period lengthens, however, is that it becomes more difficult to safely apply fire, wildfires become more difficult to suppress, and the threat of catastrophic fire increases.'

Wade, D. D. 2002. The problems with fire exclusion and fire reintroduction in longleaf pine forests. Longleaf Alliance Newsletter, v. 6, no. 1,