Document


Title

Wildland fire emissions, carbon and climate: characterizing wildland fuels
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): D. R. Weise; C. S. Wright
Publication Year: 2014

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • air quality
  • carbon
  • chemical
  • classification
  • fire management
  • forest management
  • physical
  • remote sensing
  • remote sensing
  • sampling
  • sampling
  • scaling
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 53281
Tall Timbers Record Number: 30648
TTRS Location Status: Not in file
TTRS Call Number: Available
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

Smoke from biomass fires makes up a substantial portion of global greenhouse gas, aerosol, and black carbon (GHG/A/BC) emissions. Understanding how fuel characteristics and conditions affect fire occurrence and extent, combustion dynamics, and fuel consumption is critical for making accurate, reliable estimates of emissions production at local, regional, national, and global scales. The type, amount, characteristics, and condition of wildland fuels affect combustion and emissions during wildland and prescribed fires. Description of fuel elements has focused on those needed for fire spread and fire danger prediction. Knowledge of physical and chemical properties for a limited number of plant species exists. Fuel beds with potential for high impact on smoldering emissions are not described well. An assortment of systems, methods, analytical techniques, and technologies have been used and are being developed to describe, classify, and map wildland fuels for a variety of applications. Older systems do not contain the necessary information to describe realistically the wildland fuel complex. While new tools provide needed detail, cost effectiveness to produce a reliable national fuels inventory has not been demonstrated. Climate change-related effects on vegetation growth and fuel distribution may affect the amount of GHG/A/BC emissions from wildland fires. A fundamental understanding of the relationships between fuel characteristics, fuel conditions, fire occurrence, combustion dynamics, and GHG/A/BC emissions is needed to aid strategy development to mitigate the expected effects of climate change. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Citation:
Weise, D. R., and C. S. Wright. 2014. Wildland fire emissions, carbon and climate: characterizing wildland fuels. Forest Ecology and Management, v. 317, p. 26-40. 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.02.037.