Fire frequency for below historic norms is threatening eastern oak ecosystem integrity. Increasingly, private family forest landowners are interested in using prescribed fire as a tool for maintaining oak dominance and associated wildlife habitat and wildfire protection. The Southeastern Illinois Prescribed Burn Association (SIPBA) empowers landowners to apply prescribed burning as a management tool. Prescribed fire use is consistent with the established land ethic expressed by members and serves as a means of modeling the practice for nonmenber neighbors. SIPBA members regard dependence on outside funding as a limit to both the capacity and, potentially, the sustainability of this novel cooperative land management organization. © 2014 Society of American Foresters. Abstract reproduced by permission.