Document


Title

Development of a biomass burning emissions inventory by combining satellite and ground-based information
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): George A. Pouliot; Thomas G. Pace; Biswadev Roy; Thomas E. Pierce; David Mobley
Publication Year: 2008

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • air quality
  • biomass burning
  • biomass burning emission inventory
  • cropland fires
  • datellite-based
  • fire management
  • forest management
  • ground-based
  • remote sensing
  • wildfires
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: December 5, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 52688
Tall Timbers Record Number: 29853
TTRS Location Status: Not in file
TTRS Call Number: Available via ILL only
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

A 2005 biomass burning (wildfire, prescribed, and agricultural) emission inventory has been developed for the contiguous United States using a newly developed simplified method of combining information from multiple sources for use in the US EPA's National Emission Inventory (NEI). Our method blends the temporal and spatial resolution of the remote sensing information with the ground based fire size estimate. This method is faster and considerably less expensive than the method used for the 2002 National Emissions Inventory and is more accurate than methods used for 2001 and prior years. In addition, the 2005 fire inventory is the first EPA inventory utilizing remote sensing information. A comparison with the 2002 inventory for wildfire, prescribed, and agricultural fires indicates a large year-to-year variability in wildfire emissions and less variation for prescribed and agricultural fires. Total PM2.5 emissions from wildfires, prescribed burning, and agricultural burning for the contiguous United States were estimated to be 109,000 short tons, 209,000 short tons, and 232,000 short tons, respectively, for 2005. Our total emission estimate for 2005 is 550,000 short tons. Our analysis shows that year-to-year spatial variability accounts for the substantial difference in the wildfire emission estimates. © 2008 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.

Citation:
Pouliot, G., T. Pace, B. Roy, T. Pierce, and D. Mobley. 2008. Development of a biomass burning emissions inventory by combining satellite and ground-based information. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, v. 2, no. 1, p. 021501 [article no. online]. 10.1117/1.2939551.