From the text ... 'This chapter focuses on the practical, management implications of the fire and climate change research that is reported in the earlier chapters of this volume. We start with an overview of fire management goals and strategies, and then draw some parallels among vegetation, climate and land use history in the temperate and boreal zones of North and South America. We then contrast the role of land use and climate in influencing change in three major fire regimes. We conclude with the implications for the future and challenges for fire managers as they use the information from this book. Although our comments are primarily focused on temperate and boreal forests, the management implications extend to the woodlands, shrublands, and grasslands. Our comments are directed to scientists, as well as to land managers and wildland fire management specialists involved in planning and implementing fire management programs at regional and national levels.' © 2003 Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. All rights reserved.