VOC emissions of smouldering combustion from Mediterranean wildfires in central Portugal
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): M. Evtyugina; A. I. Calvo; T. Nunes; C. Alves; A. P. Fernandes; Luís Tarelho; Ana Vicente; Casimiro Pio
Publication Year: 2013

Cataloging Information

  • air quality
  • carbon dioxide
  • combustion
  • emission factors
  • Europe
  • fire management
  • gases
  • hydrocarbons
  • Mediterranean forest
  • Mediterranean habitats
  • Portugal
  • smoke management
  • trace gases
  • VOCs
  • wildfires
  • wildfires
  • International
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: August 24, 2022
FRAMES Record Number: 51606
Tall Timbers Record Number: 28522
TTRS Location Status: Not in file
TTRS Call Number: Available
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Emissions of trace gases and C5-C10 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from Mediterranean wildfires occurring in Portugal in summer 2010 were studied. Fire smoke was collected in Tedlar bags and analysed for CO, CO2, total hydrocarbons (THC) and VOCs. The CO, CO2 and THC emission factors (EFs) were 206 ± 79, 1377 ± 142 and 8.1 ± 9 g kg-1 biomass burned (dry basis), respectively. VOC emissions from Mediterranean wildfires were reported for the first time. Aromatic hydrocarbons were major components of the identified VOC emissions. Among them, benzene and toluene were dominant compounds with EFs averaging 0.747 ± 0.303 and 0.567 ± 0.422 g kg-1 biomass burned (dry basis), respectively. Considerable amounts of oxygenated organic volatile compounds (OVOCs) and isoprenoids were detected. 2-Furaldehyde and hexanal were the most abundant measured OVOCs with EFs of 0.337 +/- 0.259 and 0.088 ± 0.039 g kg-1 biomass burned (dry basis), respectively. The isoprenoid emissions were dominated by isoprene (EF = 0.207 ± 0.195 g kg-1 dry biomass burned) and alpha-pinene (EF = 0.112 ± 0.093 g kg-1 dry biomass burned). Emission data obtained in this work are useful for validating and improving emission inventories, as well for carrying out modelling studies to assess the effects of vegetation fires on air pollution and tropospheric chemistry. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Online Link(s):
Evtyugina, M., A. I. Calvo, T. Nunes, C. Alves, A. P. Fernandes, L. Tarelho, A. Vicente, and C. Pio. 2013. VOC emissions of smouldering combustion from Mediterranean wildfires in central Portugal. Atmospheric Environment, v. 64, p. 339-348. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.10.001.