Skip to main content

Resource Catalog


Type: Journal Article
Author(s): C. A. Alves; Ana Vicente; C. Monteiro; Cátia Goncalves; M. Evtyugina; Casimiro Pio
Publication Date: 2011

On May 2009, both the gas and particulate fractions of smoke from a wildfire in Sever do Vouga, central Portugal, were sampled. Total hydrocarbons and carbon oxides (CO2 and CO) were measured using automatic analysers with flame ionisation and non-dispersive infrared detectors, respectively. Fine (PM2.5) and coarse (PM2.5-10) particles from the smoke plume were analysed by a thermal-optical transmission technique to determine the elemental and organic carbon (EC and OC) content. Subsequently, the particle samples were solvent extracted and fractionated by vacuum flash chromatography into different classes of organic compounds. The detailed organic speciation was performed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The CO, CO2 and total hydrocarbon emission factors (g kg-1 dry fuel) were 170 ± 83, 1485 ± 147, and 9.8 ± 0.90, respectively. It was observed that the particulate matter and OC emissions are significantly enhanced under smouldering fire conditions. The aerosol emissions were dominated by fine particles whose mass was mainly composed of organic constituents, such as degradation products from biopolymers (e.g. levoglucosan from cellulose, methoxyphenols from lignin). The compound classes also included homologous series (n-alkanes, n-alkenes, n-alkanoic acids and n-alkanols), monosaccharide derivatives from cellulose, steroid and terpenoid biomarkers, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The most abundant PAH was retene. Even carbon number homologs of monoglycerides were identified for the first time as biomarkers in biomass burning aerosols. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Online Links
Citation: Alves, C. A., A. Vicente, C. Monteiro, C. Goncalves, M. Evtyugina, and C. Pio. 2011. Emission of trace gases and organic components in smoke particles from a wildfire in a mixed-evergreen forest in Portugal. Science of the Total Environment, v. 409, no. 8, p. 1466-1475. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.12.025.

Cataloging Information

  • air quality
  • biomass burning
  • carbon
  • EC
  • emission factors
  • Europe
  • fire management
  • forest management
  • gases
  • hydrocarbons
  • OC
  • organic matter
  • organic tracers
  • particles
  • particulates
  • Portugal
  • smoke management
  • wildfire
  • wildfires
Tall Timbers Record Number: 25580Location Status: Not in fileCall Number: Not in FileAbstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (
FRAMES Record Number: 49243

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by Tall Timbers and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of Tall Timbers.