Twenty-five years of intensive forest management with southern pines: important lessons learned
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): E. J. Jokela; T. A. Martin; J. G. Vogel
Publication Year: 2010

Cataloging Information

  • central Florida
  • competition
  • diameter classes
  • evolution
  • fertilization
  • fertilization
  • fire dependent species
  • Florida
  • forest management
  • herbaceous vegetation
  • loblolly pine
  • loblolly pine
  • long-term research
  • mortality
  • pine
  • pine forests
  • Pinus elliottii
  • Pinus taeda
  • plantations
  • population density
  • production dynamics
  • slash
  • slash pine
  • slash pine
  • weed control
  • weed control
  • weeds
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 49001
Tall Timbers Record Number: 25271
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Journals - J
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


A commitment to long-term forest research provides the basis and opportunity to understand developmental processes and stand dynamics over an entire rotation. The southeastern United States has undergone a significant evolution in forest management practices over the last 60 years, especially in regard to the intensification of pine plantation silviculture. However, few studies have examined production relationships for an entire rotation. This article reviews results from a rotation-length experiment that tested factorial combinations of understory competition control and sustained fertilizer additions on the productivety and stand dynamics of loblolly (Pinus taeda L.) and slash pine (Pinus elliottii var. elliottii) in north central Florida. After 25 years, fertilizer and conpetition control treatments increased site index (base age, 25 years) from 64 to 87 ft in loblolly pine and from 75 to 88 ft in slash pine. In addition, these cultural treatments increased total stand stem volume accumulation by 1.8-2.2-fold compared with the control treatments for slash and loblolly pine, respectively; the proportion of volume in high-value product classes such as chip-n-saw (C/S) and sawtimber was also increased in both species (e.g., 39% in C/S and sawtimber in the loblolly pine control treatment versus 74-87% in the fertilizer and/or weed control treatments). Overall, results from this study, as well as others in the region, highlight the overriding importance of soil nutrient supply on long-term productivity of southern pine stands. © 2010 by the Society of American Foresters. Abstract reproduced by permission.

Online Link(s):
Jokela, E. J., T. A. Martin, and J. G. Vogel. 2010. Twenty-five years of intensive forest management with southern pines: important lessons learned. Journal of Forestry, v. 108, no. 7, p. 338-347.