The effects of early season and late season prescribed fires on small mammals in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): M. E. Monroe; S. J. Converse
Publication Year: 2006

Cataloging Information

  • Abies concolor
  • Abies magnifica
  • Artemisia tridentata
  • biomass
  • Calocedrus decurrens
  • conifer forest
  • coniferous forests
  • Cornus nuttallii
  • FFS - Fire and Fire Surrogate Study
  • fire management
  • fire season
  • forest management
  • mammals
  • mark-recapture
  • national parks
  • Neotamias
  • Neotamias
  • Nevada
  • Peromyscus
  • Peromyscus
  • Peromyscus leucopus
  • Peromyscus maniculatus
  • Pinus jeffreyi
  • Pinus lambertiana
  • Pinus ponderosa
  • population density
  • population density
  • Quercus kelloggii
  • season of fire
  • Sequoia
  • Sierra Nevada
  • small mammal
  • small mammals
  • trapping
  • Ursus americanus
  • wildlife
  • wildlife management
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 48200
Tall Timbers Record Number: 24280
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Prescribed fire is an important management tool used in the restoration of Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forests where fire has been suppressed over the last century. It is not well known, however, how the timing of prescribed fire affects wildlife populations. We used model selection and multi-model inference methods to compare the effects of early (spring and early summer) and late (late summer and fall) season prescribed fires on small mammal populations, based on 4 years of mark-recapture data collected in Sequoia National Park, California. The effects of prescribed fires on four small mammal metrics were evaluated: deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) densities, deer mouse age ratios, lodgepole chipmunk (Neotamias speciosus) densities, and total small mammal biomass. For each of these four metrics, the top ranked model in the evaluation of prescribed fire treatment effects contained no prescribed fire effects, but did contain effects of strong year-to-year variation in populations. Models which predicted that fire effects differed depending on the season of fire received only limited support for each of the four metrics. Our results suggest that initial prescribed fires set during the early season will have similar impacts as late season fires on deer mouse populations, lodgepole chipmunk populations, and total small mammal biomass in Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forests. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Monroe, M. E., and S. J. Converse. 2006. The effects of early season and late season prescribed fires on small mammals in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management, v. 236, no. 2-3, p. 229-240. 10.1016/j.foreco.2006.09.008.