The challenge for resource managers is to understand and appreciate the wilderness resource. We must embrace a philosophy that allows natural fire to play its natural role, within social and political realities. As we alter the natural processes, we alter the very essence of wilderness. The public will demand our accountability, and we need to pursue financing to administer and monitor wilderness fire. These fires are cost-efficient; usually they involve one-tenth or less the cost of suppressing fire. Suppression of wilderness wildfires must use strategies, tactics, and restoration fitting to these lands.