Document


Title

Use of MODIS products to simplify and evaluate a forest fire plume dispersion model for
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Sarah B. Henderson; B. Burkholder; P. L. Jackson; M. Brauer; C. Ichoku
Publication Year: 2008

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • aerosols
  • air quality
  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Canada
  • decay
  • dispersion modeling
  • fire management
  • fire size
  • forest fire smoke
  • forest management
  • health factors
  • Idaho
  • MODIS products
  • Montana
  • pollution
  • public health
  • remote sensing
  • smoke effects
  • smoke management
  • statistical analysis
  • Washington
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: January 3, 2020
FRAMES Record Number: 47299
Tall Timbers Record Number: 23216
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

Plume dispersion models may improve assessment of the health effects associated with forest fire smoke, but they require considerable expertise in atmospheric and fire sciences to initialize and evaluate. Products from MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) sensors can simplify the process by providing (1) estimates of fire location, size and emission rates, and (2) data useful for assessing model output. By grouping individual MODIS fire pixels into discrete events we simulated the growth and decay of large fires and estimated their total burned area. Radiative power measurements for each fire pixel were multiplied against a fuel-specific coefficient to estimate particle emission rates. Using the CALMET/CALPUFF package we modeled the dispersion of these particles throughout a 325,000 km2 area with complex terrain. Moderate agreement (mean r = 0.61) between estimated and measured

Citation:
Henderson, S. B., B. Burkholder, P. L. Jackson, M. Brauer, and C. Ichoku. 2008. Use of MODIS products to simplify and evaluate a forest fire plume dispersion model for. Atmospheric Environment, v. 42, no. 36, p. 8524-8532. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.05.008.