Human impacts in pine forests: past, present, and future
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): D. M. Richardson; P. W. Rundel; S. T. Jackson; R. O. Teskey; J. Aronson; A. Bytnerowicz; M. J. Wingfield; S. Proches
Publication Year: 2007

Cataloging Information

  • agriculture
  • air pollution
  • air quality
  • biological invasions
  • browse
  • conservation
  • conservation
  • cover
  • distribution
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • fire exclusion
  • fire management
  • fire regimes
  • fire suppression
  • forest management
  • grazing
  • land use
  • logging
  • paleoecology
  • pine
  • pine forests
  • Pinus
  • pollution
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 46444
Tall Timbers Record Number: 22180
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Journals-A
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Pines (genus Pinus) form the dominant tree cover over large parts of the Northern Hemisphere. Human activities have affected the distribution, composition, and structure of pine forests for millennia. Different human-mediated factors have affected different pine species in different ways in different regions. The most important factors affecting pine forests are altered fire regimes, altered grazing/browsing regimes, various harvesting/construction activities, land clearance and abandonment, purposeful planting and other manipulations of natural ecosystems, alteration of biotas through species reshuffling, and pollution. These changes are occurring against a backdrop of natural and anthropogenically driven climate change. We review past and current influence of humans in pine forests, seeking broad generalizations. These insights are combined with perspectives from paleoecology to suggest probable trajectories in the face of escalating human pressure. The immense scale of impacts and the complex synergies between agents of change calls for urgent and multifaceted action. © 2007, by Annual Reviews. Abstract reprodiced by permission.

Online Link(s):
Richardson, D. M., P. W. Rundel, S. T. Jackson, R. O. Teskey, J. Aronson, A. Bytnerowicz, M. J. Wingfield, and S. Proches. 2007. Human impacts in pine forests: past, present, and future. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics, v. 38, p. 275-297. 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.38.091206.095650.