Strategic plan for quail management and research in the United States: introduction and background
Document Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): L. A. Brennan
Editor(s): K. E. Church; Thomas V. Dailey
Publication Year: 1993

Cataloging Information

  • bird counts
  • California quail
  • Callipepla californica
  • Callipepla gambelii
  • Callipepla squamata
  • Callippepla californica
  • Christmas Bird Counts
  • Colinus virginianus
  • Colinus virginianus
  • Cyrtonyx
  • Cyrtonyx montezumae
  • Cyrtonyx montezumae
  • distribution
  • Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration
  • fire dependent species
  • Gambel's quail
  • hunting
  • land use
  • literature
  • management
  • Montezuma quail
  • mountain quail
  • northern bobwhite
  • Oreortyx pictus
  • Oreortyx pictus
  • population density
  • population trends
  • scaled quail
  • wildlife
  • wildlife habitat management
  • wildlife management
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: September 4, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 46240
Tall Timbers Record Number: 21927
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: QL 696 .G27 N37 1993
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


I assessed the current, broad-scale status of populations, research, and management for 6 species of quail in the U.S., and used this information as an introduction, background, and justification for a national strategic planning effort for quail management and research. Long-term (1960-89) trends determined from Christmas Bird Count data indicate that California quail (Callipepla californica), northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus), and scaled quail (Callipepla squamata) populations have undergone (P < 0.05) declines. Geographic distribution of mountain quail (Oreortyx pictus) has contracted dramatically in the northeastern portion of this quail's range. Neither Gambel's (C. gambelii) nor Montezuma quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae) showed evidence of long-term increases or decreases. Wildlife professionals have apparently paid scant attention to quail in the U.S. during the past 10 years. A recent survey of Wildlife Review indicated <0.2% of the publications pertained to quail. During 1990, <1.0% of Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration funds were allocated to quail-related projects. Habitat management by the private sector is apparently having little broad-scale impact on bobwhite populations. Contemporary quail management efforts in the U.S. are clearly in the doldrums and in dire need of leadership from professionals with a creative vision for solving problems caused by changing land-use practices. These factors point to a critical need for a national strategic planning effort to develop a comprehensive, coordinated program for quail management and research. An outline of the structure of the Strategic Planning Workshop that was held at Quail III is provided. Specific management and research problems and associated strategies for solving them are available in Issues and Strategies, which follows (page 181).

Brennan, L. A. 1993. Strategic plan for quail management and research in the United States: introduction and background, in Church, K. E. and Dailey, T. V., Quail III: national quail symposium. Kansas City, MO. Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks,Pratt, KS. p. 160-169,