Madagascar's burning issue: the persistent conflict over fire
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): C. A. Kull
Publication Year: 2002

Cataloging Information

  • agriculture
  • biomass
  • brush
  • conservation
  • cropland fires
  • fire intensity
  • fire management
  • fire size
  • grasslands
  • human caused fires
  • incendiary fires
  • livestock
  • Madagascar
  • natural areas management
  • rainforests
  • slash and burn
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 46007
Tall Timbers Record Number: 21657
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


From the text ... 'Madagascar is aflame. Every year, fires consume up to half of the island's vast grasslands and thousands of square kilometers of its rainforests and secondary brush.... Madagascar's fire problem is a source of long-standing conflict between the sate and the tantsaha. For more than a century, both the French colonial administration and the independent Malagasy state, together with outside conservation interests, have attempted to stop or at least slow the widespread burning to protect this naturalist's paradise. But the tantsaha continue to burn the land for purposes such as pasture renewal and cropfield preparation....Instead of arguing against burning, the most realistic stance is that there has always been fire in Madagascar and there always should be. In the vast highland and western parts of the country with an extended dry season, fire is both a natural part of landscape processes and a key cultural landscape-management tool....Fires will continue to be a key tool for agricultural management, and local communities should be given an important role in this process.'

Kull, C. A. 2002. Madagascar's burning issue: the persistent conflict over fire. Environment, v. 44, no. 3, p. 8-19.