We studied the changes in land-use and physiognomy that have taken place near Hampden-Sydney College in Prince Edward County, Virginia and in the Appomattox Court House National Historical Park in Appomattox County, Virginia. Information developed in this study is based on photo interpretation and measurements of aerial photographs supplied by the Soil Conservation Service of the United States Department of Agriculture. These photos were taken in 1937, 1949, 1972, and 1980 (Hampden-Sydney) and 1937, 1949, 1970, and 1984 (Appomattox). Based on the 1937 photographs and a knowledge of successional patterns, we were able to predict confidently the composition of stands in existence in 1917. Land uses have changed significantly. Forested land increased from about 33 to 77, and 28 to 53% coverage for Hampden-Sydney and Appomattox, respectively, between 1917 and the mid-1980's. There were corresponding decreases in open land.