Origin, development, and dynamics of coastal temperate conifer rainforests of southern Vancouver Island, Canada
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Kendrick J. Brown; Richard J. Hebda
Publication Year: 2002

Cataloging Information

  • Abies grandis
  • Abies spp.
  • biogeography
  • British Columbia
  • Canada
  • charcoal
  • coniferous forests
  • disturbance
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • ecotones
  • fire frequency
  • forest management
  • histories
  • peat
  • Picea
  • Picea sitchensis
  • Pinus contorta
  • pollen
  • precipitation
  • Pseudotsuga
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii
  • Quercus
  • Quercus garryana
  • rainforests
  • sedimentation
  • statistical analysis
  • temperature
  • Thuja
  • Thuja plicata
  • Tsuga
  • Tsuga heterophylla
  • Tsuga mertensiana
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: April 25, 2019
FRAMES Record Number: 45861
Tall Timbers Record Number: 21469
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Journals-C
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Pollen and charcoal from East Sooke Fen, Pixie Lake, and Whyac Lake were used to reconstruct the post-glacial vegetation, climate, and fire-disturbance history across a precipitation gradient on southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia. An open Pinus woodland covered the landscape in the early late-glacial interval. Fires were absent under a cool and dry climate. Closed mixed conifer forests of Pinus, Picea, Abies, Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg., and Tsuga mertensiana (Bong.) Carriere replaced the Pinus biogeochron in the late late-glacial interval. Fires became more common even though climate was cool and moist. Open Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco forests expanded westward during the warm dry early Holocene, though closed Picea and Tsuga heterophylla forests grew in the wettest part of the area at Whyac Lake. Modern precipitation gradients likely originated at this time. Fires occurred in forested ecosystems, although East Sooke Fen at the driest end of the gradient experienced less fire. The middle and late Holocene was characterized by increasing precipitation and decreasing temperature, respectively. Quercus garryana Dougl. stands spread westward during the mid-Holocene. Extant closed Tsuga heterophylla and Cupressaccae (Thuja plicata Donn. ex D. Don) forests arose in the wetter part of the gradient, whereas Pseudotsuga forests occupied drier eastern areas. During this interval, fires were rare in wet western regions but apparently more common in dry eastern regions. © 2002 National Research Council of Canada, NDR Research Press. Abstract reproduced by permission.

Online Link(s):
Brown, K. J., and R. J. Hebda. 2002. Origin, development, and dynamics of coastal temperate conifer rainforests of southern Vancouver Island, Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, v. 32, no. 2, p. 353-372. 10.1139/X01-197.