Document


Title

The moisture content of forest fuels -- I: a review of the basic concepts
Document Type: Book
Author(s): A. J. Simard
Publication Year: 1968

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • Canada
  • combustion
  • energy
  • evapotranspiration
  • fire danger rating
  • fire management
  • fuel management
  • fuel models
  • fuel moisture
  • heat
  • ignition
  • moisture
  • statistical analysis
  • temperature
  • water
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 45644
Tall Timbers Record Number: 21204
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: CAN Docs DDW
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

From the Introduction ... 'It is a well known fact that the presence of moisture exerts considerable influence on the difficulty of ignition and the subsequent rate of combustion of forest fuels. Its effect on ignition is primarily a result of the fact that the water must be heated to the Boiling Point and then vaporized before the fuel will reach its ignition temperature. If enough moisture is present the heat required may be greater than that available in the firebrand, and ignition will not occur. Once ignited, water must be continuously driven from adjacent fuels, if the fire is to spread. This absorbs some of the heat energy which is emitted by the fire and reduces the rate of combustion. It is also possible that the presence of moisture affects combustion due to the water vapor which surrounds the fuel and dilutes the available oxygen.The correlation between fire behavior and fuel moisture is an important part of every fire danger rating system in use today. In every system, measurements of certain factors which are presumed to influence fuel moisture are made. These are, in turn, correlated with fire behavior to produce the desired index.'

Citation:
Simard, A. J. 1968. The moisture content of forest fuels -- I: a review of the basic concepts. Information Report FF-X-14. Ottawa, Department of Forestry and Rural Development, Forest Fire Research Institute.