Forest management alternatives and songbird breeding habitat on the Cherokee National Forest, Tennessee
Document Type: Journal
Author(s): N. A. Klaus ; D. A. Buehler ; A. M. Saxton
Publication Year: 2005

Cataloging Information

  • age classes
  • Carya
  • cavity nesting birds
  • Coccyzus
  • Coccyzus americanus
  • Dendroica
  • Dendroica dominica
  • Dendroica pensylvanica
  • disturbance
  • Epidonax virescens
  • foliage
  • forage
  • forest
  • forest management
  • habit
  • habitat suitability
  • insects
  • logging
  • national forests
  • natural disturbance
  • nesting
  • nongame birds
  • Parus
  • Parus bicolor
  • pine hardwood forests
  • Pinus strobus
  • plant diseases
  • population viability
  • Quercus
  • riparian habitats
  • silviculture
  • small mammals
  • songbird
  • statistical analysis
  • succession
  • succession
  • Tennessee
  • Tennessee
  • timber harvest
  • Tsuga canadensis
  • Vireo
  • Vireo solitarius
  • wildfires
  • wildlife
  • wildlife habitat management
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 45566
Tall Timbers Record Number: 21104
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Journals-J
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


We used a 60-yr forest simulation of the Cherokee National Forest, Tennessee, USA, to model the effects of timber harvest and natural disturbance upon habitat availability for 6 songbird species: Acadian flycatcher (Epidonax virescens), blue-headed vireo (Vireo solitarius), chestnut-sided warbler (Dendroica pensylvanica), tufted titmouse (Parus bicolor), yellow-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus), and yellow-throated warbler (Dendroica dominica). Forest simulations, based on expected harvest intensities and historic levels of natural disturbance, were used to update a stand inventory database at 10-yr intervals between 1993 and 2053. Habitat models for the 6 bird species were applied to the updated stand inventory and available habitat quantified for each decade. Late-successional species showed substantial increases in habitat availability over the 60-yr period at most harvest intensities, whereas habitat for early-successional species was stable or declined at most harvest intensities. Acadian flycatcher, yellow-throated warbler, and blue-headed vireo habitat increased by 200%, 213%, and 40%, respectively, whereas tufted titmouse habitat remained relatively constant at expected harvest levels. Chestnut-sided warbler habitat was stable at expected harvest levels but declined at lower harvest intensities, and yellow-billed cuckoo habitat declined by 37% at expected harvest levels. Natural disturbance had little effect on habitat availability for any bird species compared to the effects of timber harvests and increasing forest age. Our models suggest that anthropogenic disturbance, and lack thereof, can play a definitive role determining habitat availability and population viability for forest songbirds. © The Wildlife Society, 2005. Abstract reproduced by permission.

Online Link(s):
Klaus, N. A., D. A. Buehler, and A. M. Saxton. 2005. Forest management alternatives and songbird breeding habitat on the Cherokee National Forest, Tennessee. Journal of Wildlife Management, v. 69, no. 1, p. 222-234.