Document


Title

Fire effects on wildlife foods [Chapter 7]
Document Type: Book Chapter
Author(s): L. J. Lyon; R. G. Hooper; E. S. Telfer; D. S. Schreiner
Editor(s): L. J. Lyon; Mark H. Huff; R. G. Hooper; E. S. Telfer; D. S. Schreiner; Jane Kapler Smith
Publication Year: 2000

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • biomass
  • boreal forests
  • browse
  • catastrophic fires
  • chaparral
  • deciduous forests
  • disturbance
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • fire frequency
  • fire intensity
  • fire management
  • Florida
  • forage
  • forest management
  • grasses
  • herbaceous vegetation
  • invertebrates
  • legumes
  • mast
  • mosaic
  • nongame birds
  • north Florida
  • nutrients
  • pine hardwood forests
  • post fire recovery
  • precipitation
  • resprouting
  • season of fire
  • seeds
  • shrubs
  • St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge
  • succession
  • surface fires
  • vegetation surveys
  • wetlands
  • wildlife
  • wildlife food habits
  • wildlife food plants
  • wildlife habitat management
Region(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: November 21, 2019
FRAMES Record Number: 45338
Tall Timbers Record Number: 20823
TTRS Location Status: Not in file
TTRS Call Number: A13:88RMRS-42 v.1 and
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

From the text (p.51) ... 'The factors that affect postfire changes in vegetation quantity and nutritional quality include soil, vegetation type, age and structure of vegetation prior to burning, rainfall before and after burning, severity of the fire, season of burning, time since fire, and presettlement disturbance regime. In general, the literature regarding fire effects on wildlife food indicate that:• Burning sets back plant development and succession, often increasing or improving forage for wildlife from a few years to more that 100 years, depending on vegetation type.• Fires usually increase habitat patchiness, providing wildlife with a diversity of vegetation conditions from which to select food and cover.• The biomass of forage plants usually increases after burning in all but dry ecosystems.• The production of seeds by grasses and legumes is usually enhanced by annual or biennial fires. Mast production is usually enhanced by a 5-year or longer burning cycle.• Burning sometimes, but not always, increases the nutritional content and digestibility of plants. This effect is short-lived, typically lasting only one or two growing seasons.• Some wildlife species select a more nutritious diet from burned areas even though the average nutrient content of burned plants does not differ from that of unburned plants.'

Citation:
Lyon, L. J., R. G. Hooper, E. S. Telfer, and D. S. Schreiner. 2000. Fire effects on wildlife foods [Chapter 7], in LJ Lyon, MH Huff, RG Hooper, ES Telfer, DS Schreiner, and JK Smith eds., Wildland fire in ecosystems: effects of fire on fauna. Ogden, UT, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, General Technical Report RMRS-42-volume 1, p. 51-58.

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