Remote sensing of fires and smoke during the SCAR experiments [poster abstract]
Document Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): Y. Kaufman; R. Kleidman
Editor(s): L. F. Neuenschwander; K. C. Ryan; G. E. Gollberg
Publication Year: 2000

Cataloging Information

  • aerosols
  • air quality
  • biomass
  • Brazil
  • energy
  • fire case histories
  • fire equipment
  • fire management
  • gases
  • Idaho
  • JFSP - Joint Fire Science Program
  • MAS (MODIS Airborne Simulator)
  • radiation
  • remote sensing
  • SCAR - smoke clouds and radiation
  • smoke behavior
  • South America
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 44226
Tall Timbers Record Number: 19555
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


The purpose of the fire phase of the Smoke Clouds and Radiation (SCAR) experiments is to develop a technique for the quantitative remote sensing of fires and fire emissions. The first of the three fire experiments occurred in 1994 in California and the Pacific Noithwest. This first experiment, called SCAR-C (California), involved remote sensing of prescribed and wild fires using two remote sensing instruments: AVIRIS (A Visible and InfraRed Imaging Spectrometer) and MAS (MODIS Airborne Simulator) aboard NASA*s ER-2 aircraft The imagers measured fire energy quantitatively by employing channels in the thermal and mid-IR, and quantified the smoke output by measuring smoke optical thickness using the visible channels The result clearly showed a relationship between fire thermal energy and the quantity of smoke produced. In the second experiment, SCAR-B (Brazil), we used the same instrumentation to observe thousands of fires in a tropical biomass burning region. The results provided a testbed to validate and improve the algorithms destined for use with actual spaceborne MODIS (MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. However, the abundance of background smoke aerosol in Brazil prevented analysis that could link fire thermal energy to smoke produced. In order to quantify this link, SCAR-99 will take place in the fall of this year in the Pacific Southwest. Just as with SCAR-C in 1994, we intend to observe several, well-characterized, individual fires. In addition to the instrumentation flown in the previous SCAR deployments we anticipate the inclusion of a new instrument, MOPITT-A, that will permit analysis of trace gases as well as the smoke aerosol emitted by the fires. © University of Idaho 2000. Abstract reproduced by permission.

Online Link(s):
Kaufman, Y., and R. Kleidman. 2000. Remote sensing of fires and smoke during the SCAR experiments [poster abstract], in Neuenschwander, L. F., Ryan, K. C., and Gollberg, G. E., Joint Fire Science Conference and Workshop Proceedings: 'Crossing the Millennium: Integrating Spatial Technologies and Ecological Principles for a New Age in Fire Management'. Boise, Idaho. University of Idaho and the International Association of Wildland Fire,Moscow, ID and Fairfield, WA. Vol. II, p. 286,