Fuel reduction in lodgepole pine stands in Banff National Park
Document Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): Kelvin G. Hirsch; Ian Pengelly
Editor(s): Leon F. Neuenschwander; Kevin C. Ryan; Greg E. Gollberg
Publication Year: 2000

Cataloging Information

  • Alberta
  • Alnus spp.
  • Canada
  • CBD - crown bulk density
  • coniferous forests
  • crown fires
  • crowns
  • dead fuels
  • decomposition
  • duff
  • DWM - down woody material
  • fire hazard reduction
  • fire intensity
  • fire management
  • fire size
  • fire suppression
  • flammability
  • fuel accumulation
  • fuel arrangement
  • fuel loading
  • fuel management
  • grazing
  • herbaceous vegetation
  • humus
  • Idaho
  • JFSP - Joint Fire Science Program
  • Juniperus communis
  • ladder fuels
  • leaves
  • litter
  • live fuels
  • mineral soils
  • national parks
  • needles
  • overstory
  • Pinus contorta
  • population density
  • rate of spread
  • recreation
  • Rosa acicularis
  • Shepherdia canadensis
  • shrubs
  • site treatments
  • stand characteristics
  • surface fires
  • surface fuels
  • thinning
  • trees
  • understory vegetation
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: August 18, 2020
FRAMES Record Number: 44218
Tall Timbers Record Number: 19546
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Over the last decade fire managers in Banff National Park have embarked on a comprehensive fuels management program of which one aspect has been fuel reduction treatments near structures or facilities (e.g., homes, campground, hotels). These treatments included the reduction of dead and down woody surface material (e.g., logs, branches, twigs), removal of coniferous understory trees, pruning, and overstory thinning. Detailed measurements of all flammable material above mineral soil were made at four plots within the treated areas and four plots in stands immediately adjacent to the treatments. The fuel treatments resulted in a 3-, 4-, and 6-fold decrease in crown bulk density, stand density, and dead and down woody material, respectively. The change in surface fuel loading caused a 50% reduction in the potential surface fire intensity.Based on Van Wagner*s theories, the likelihood of crown fire initiation was significanty reduced and the rate of spread required to sustain continuous crowning rose almost 4 times. © University of Idaho 2000. Abstract reproduced by permission.

Online Link(s):
Link to this document (589 KB; pdf)
Hirsch, K., and I. Pengelly. 2000. Fuel reduction in lodgepole pine stands in Banff National Park, in Neuenschwander, L. F., Ryan, K. C., and Gollberg, G. E., Joint Fire Science Conference and Workshop Proceedings: 'Crossing the Millennium: Integrating Spatial Technologies and Ecological Principles for a New Age in Fire Management'. Boise, Idaho. University of Idaho and the International Association of Wildland Fire,Moscow, ID and Fairfield, WA. Vol. II, p. 251-257,