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Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): Robert E. Keane II; Scott A. Mincemoyer; Kirsten M. Schmidt; Janice L. Garner
Editor(s): Leon F. Neuenschwander; Kevin C. Ryan; Greg E. Gollberg
Publication Date: 2000

Fuel input layers for the FARSITE fire growth model were created for all lands in and around the Gila National Forest, New Mexico, using satellite imagery, terrain modeling, and biophysical simulation. FARSITE is a spatially explicit fire growth model used to predict the growth of wildland fires in terms of size, intensity, and spread. It requires eight data layers as input; fire behavior fuel model, crown closure, crown base height, stand height, crown bulk density, elevation, aspect, and slope. These input layers were created from a digital terrain model (elevation, aspect, and slope) and from base vegetation layers of biophysical settings, cover type, and structural stage using a methodology designed to be easily replicated by other fire management agencies. Biophysical settings describe long-term environmental conditions and this layer was created from a vegetation-based potential vegetation type classification modeled from hierarchical topographic rulebase terrain models. Cover type and structural stage layers were created from 1993 and 1997 satellite Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery of southwestern New Mexico. Fire behavior fuel models were assigned to each biophysical setting, cover type and structural stage category combination from an analysis of comprehensive field databases created by extensive plot sampling of the entire study area. An extensive accuracy assessment of the layers showed accuracy ranges from 25 to 87 percent for the potential vegetation type, cover type, and structural stage layers. Accuracy for the crown and surface fuels layers is between 40 to 70 percent. © University of Idaho 2000. Abstract reproduced by permission.

Online Links
Citation: Keane, R. E., S. A. Mincemoyer, K. M. Schmidt, and J. L. Garner. 2000. Mapping fuels for fire management on the Gila National Forest, New Mexico, in Neuenschwander, L. F., Ryan, K. C., and Gollberg, G. E., Joint Fire Science Conference and Workshop Proceedings: 'Crossing the Millennium: Integrating Spatial Technologies and Ecological Principles for a New Age in Fire Management'. Boise, Idaho. University of Idaho and the International Association of Wildland Fire,Moscow, ID and Fairfield, WA. Vol. I, p. 193-204, http://jfsp.nifc.gov/conferenceproc/Ma-06Keaneetal.pdf.

Cataloging Information

Topics:
Regions:
Alaska    California    Eastern    Great Basin    Hawaii    Northern Rockies    Northwest    Rocky Mountain    Southern    Southwest    International    National
Keywords:
  • Abies concolor
  • Abies lasiocarpa
  • agriculture
  • biomass
  • computer programs
  • coniferous forests
  • cover
  • cover type
  • crown closure
  • crowns
  • deserts
  • digital data collection
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • elevation
  • FARSITE
  • field sampling
  • fire exclusion
  • fire growth
  • fire growth model
  • fire intensity
  • fire management
  • fire size
  • forest types
  • fuel appraisal
  • fuel management
  • fuel mapping
  • fuel models
  • Gila National Forest
  • GIS - geographic information system
  • GPS - global positioning system
  • grasslands
  • grazing
  • Idaho
  • JFSP - Joint Fire Science Program
  • Juniperus
  • Mexico
  • montane forests
  • national forests
  • natural areas management
  • New Mexico
  • overstory
  • Picea engelmannii
  • Picea pungens
  • Pinus edulis
  • Pinus ponderosa
  • Pinus strobiformis
  • population density
  • Populus tremuloides
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii
  • Quercus gambelii
  • rangelands
  • rate of spread
  • remote sensing
  • sampling
  • satellite classification
  • shrubs
  • sloping terrain
  • subalpine forests
  • surface fires
  • surface fuels
  • terrain modeling
  • topography
  • understory vegetation
  • US Forest Service
  • wilderness fire management
  • wildfires
Tall Timbers Record Number: 19494Location Status: In-fileAbstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (https://www.frames.gov/contact)
FRAMES Record Number: 44176

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by Tall Timbers and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of Tall Timbers.