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Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): B. A. Blackwell; R. N. Green; H. Hedberg; D. Ohlson
Editor(s): Leon F. Neuenschwander; Kevin C. Ryan; Greg E. Gollberg
Publication Date: 2000

In 1992 the Greater Vancouver Water District began an extensive ecological inventory of its three watersheds (53,600 ha) that serve as the drinking water source for the Greater Vancouver Region. The focus of the inventory, which integrates physical and ecological information, was to provide watershed managers with a better understanding of the physical and ecological processes within the watersheds, to address concerns regarding management practices and water quality in the watershed and provide a basis for vegetation cover management planning. The inventory consisted of six integrated components, which included climate and hydrology, terrain inventory and sediment yield, ecosystem inventory, fire assessment, forest health, and development of a GIS based watershed model. As part of the fire assessment work an inventory system was developed and implemented to quantify forest fuels within the watersheds. Once the inventory was completed a comprehensive database was developed linking terrain, ecological, and forest fuel databases in an ARC/INFO GIS system. The GIS data was used to develop a forest fire hazard prediction and risk model that operates on a 200 year planning horizon. Model outputs identified current fire hazard conditions as well as changes in fire hazard related to forest succession over a 200-year period. The model was used to test management options, which included two levels of fire hazard reduction treatment and a control (no treatment) to assess the impacts on water quality and other secondary values over the 200 year period. Additionally, fire hazard data was linked through a disturbance matrix to fire severity (crown class removal and exposed mineral soil). This linkage allowed for an evaluation of the effects of treatment and no treatment on fire severity following a simulated burn, and the resultant impacts on sediment yield delivered to the reservoir. © University of Idaho 2000. Abstract reproduced by permission.

Online Links
Citation: Blackwell, B. A., R. N. Green, H. Hedberg, and D. Ohlson. 2000. The Greater Vancouver Water District -- an ecological inventory approach to fire hazard assessment and treatment for protection of water quality and other secondary values, in Neuenschwander, L. F., Ryan, K. C., and Gollberg, G. E., Joint Fire Science Conference and Workshop Proceedings: 'Crossing the Millennium: Integrating Spatial Technologies and Ecological Principles for a New Age in Fire Management'. Boise, Idaho. University of Idaho and the International Association of Wildland Fire,Moscow, ID and Fairfield, WA. Vol. I, p. 101-112, http://jfsp.nifc.gov/conferenceproc/HR-05Blackwelletal.pdf.

Cataloging Information

Topics:
Aquatic    Climate    Fire Behavior    Fire Ecology    Fuels    Hazard and Risk    Mapping    Models    Monitoring and Inventory
Regions:
Alaska    California    Eastern    Great Basin    Hawaii    Northern Rockies    Northwest    Rocky Mountain    Southern    Southwest    International    National
Keywords:
  • British Columbia
  • Canada
  • coastal vegetation
  • community ecology
  • coniferous forests
  • cover
  • crown fires
  • dead fuels
  • disturbance
  • disturbance matrix
  • drainage
  • duff
  • fire hazard reduction
  • fire intensity
  • fire management
  • forest management
  • forest succession
  • fuel accumulation
  • fuel inventory
  • fuel loading
  • fuel management
  • fuel types
  • GIS
  • hydrology
  • Idaho
  • JFSP - Joint Fire Science Program
  • landscape ecology
  • litter
  • mineral soils
  • multiple resource management
  • sedimentation
  • sloping terrain
  • snags
  • soil moisture
  • statistical analysis
  • succession
  • surface fuels
  • water
  • water quality
  • water quality
  • watershed management
  • watersheds
  • woody fuels
Tall Timbers Record Number: 19483Location Status: In-fileAbstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (https://www.frames.gov/contact)
FRAMES Record Number: 44166

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by Tall Timbers and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of Tall Timbers.