From Cone's Folly to Brosnan Forest and beyond: protecting red-cockaded woodpeckers on private lands
Document Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): R. Bonnie
Editor(s): R. Costa; Susan J. Daniels
Publication Year: 2004

Cataloging Information

  • cavity nesting birds
  • clearcutting
  • Colinus virginianus
  • conservation
  • Dendroctonus frontalis
  • endangered species
  • fire dependent species
  • fire suppression
  • Florida
  • forage
  • forest management
  • game birds
  • Georgia
  • habitat conservation plan
  • habitat conversion
  • habitat suitability
  • habits and behavior
  • hardwoods
  • hunting
  • incentives
  • insects
  • land management
  • land use
  • logging
  • Louisiana
  • Mississippi
  • natural resource legislation
  • nesting
  • nongame birds
  • North Carolina
  • Picoides borealis
  • pine forests
  • Pinus
  • private lands
  • private lands
  • Red Hills
  • red-cockaded woodpecker
  • reforestation
  • regeneration
  • safe harbor
  • sandhills
  • smoke management
  • South Carolina
  • Strix occidentalis
  • Tall Timbers Research Station
  • Texas
  • threatened and endangered species (animals)
  • translocation
  • Virginia
  • wildlife habitat management
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 42840
Tall Timbers Record Number: 17970
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Policies to conserve endangered red-cockaded woodpeckers (Picoides borealis) on private lands have evolved substantially over the last decade. To succeed, such policies must be responsive to the economic and regulatory realities faced by landowners. Landowner objectives vary widely; for some woodpecker conservation is prohibitively expensive, whereas for others, the costs are quite low. Given restrictions on timber harvesting in woodpecker habitat under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA), forest landowners have a potentially strong incentive to shorten forest rotations and to otherwise discourage woodpecker use on their property. Conservation of red-cockaded woodpeckers on private lands requires economic incentives, technical assistance, and regulatory assurances, including removing disincentives to habitat restoration. Since 1992, efforts to conserve the species have led to the development of memoranda of agreement, safe harbor agreements, habitat conservation plans, and conservation banking. For example, about 25% of red-cockaded woodpeckers found on private lands are now being protected pursuant to safe harbor agreements. Increased funding is needed to underwrite both incentive payments and the staff required to develop cooperative agreements and to provide technical and financial assistance to landowners. Additional efforts are needed to address threats from encroaching urbanization and the difficulty in using prescribed fire on private lands. © 2004 Ralph Costa. Abstract reproduced by permission.

Online Link(s):
Bonnie, R. 2004. From Cone's Folly to Brosnan Forest and beyond: protecting red-cockaded woodpeckers on private lands, in Costa, R. and Daniels, S. J., Proceedings of the 4th Red-cockaded Woodpecker Symposium: Road to Recovery. Savannah, GA. Hancock House Publishers,Blaine, WA. p. 163-173,