In December 1997, Environmental Ministers in the Southeast Asia region, through the Haze Technical Task Force (HTTF), approved the Regional Haze Action Plan (RHAP). This action was in response to the recent fire crisis and to prevent future health, economic, and environmental losses from uncontrolled vegetation fires and associated smoke. Fire danger rating has been proposed as a monitoring tool to be implemented under the RHAP. In this capacity, a Fire Danger Rating System (FDRS) in Indonesia would be used as a forecasting tool to identify areas and time periods where there is potential for fire and smoke production problems. This information would be used to support an operational fire management action plan to restrict cultural burning practices and activate pre-suppression activities. The Indonesian FDRS adopts many features of the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System. Ongoing FDRS project activities include historical fire climate assessment and relationship to El Nino-Southern Oscillation episodes, fuel characterization, and smoke production and dispersion studies. We present an overview of the design and development of the Indonesian FDRS. © 2004, Tall Timbers Research, Inc.