From the text ... ''It will be a long time before those woods, more relentless than the waters, give up their dead.' -- C.E.Robinson, 1872 ...The drought was mild compared to the times leading up to other historically great fires in the Midwest. ...Surface fires scorched tree crowns and helped dry out the overstory, making canopy fuels available for burning. ...One lesson is that large fires produce volatile gases that are both lethal and unpredictable. ...'The flames ran upon the water as upon the ground; the air was filled with them, or rather the air was fire.' -- Father Peter Pernin -- ...Energy from low-level jets can contribute to rapid fire growth.'