Document


Title

Chemistry of burning the forest floor during the FROSTFIRE experimental burn, interior Alaska, 1999
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Jennifer W. Harden; Jason C. Neff; David V. Sandberg; Merritt R. Turetsky; Roger D. Ottmar; Gerd Gleixner; Terry L. Fries; K. L. Manies
Publication Year: 2004

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • ash
  • black spruce
  • boreal forest
  • carbon
  • combustion
  • duff
  • experimental burn
  • feathermoss
  • FERA - Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team
  • Frostfire
  • mercury
  • N - nitrogen
  • soil
  • soil properties
Region(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: December 21, 2015
FRAMES Record Number: 4213

Description

Wildfires represent one of the most common disturbances in boreal regions, and have the potential to reduce C, N, and Hg stocks in soils while contributing to atmospheric emissions. Organic soil layers of the forest floor were sampled before and after the FROSTFIRE experimental burn in interior Alaska, and were analyzed for bulk density, major and trace elements, and organic compounds. Concentrations of carbon, nutrients, and several major and trace elements were significantly altered by the burn. Emissions of C, N, and Hg, estimated from chemical mass balance equations using Fe, Al, and Si as stable constituents, indicated that 500 to 900 g C and up to 0 to 4 + 10-4 g Hg/m2 were lost from the site. Calculations of nitrogen loss range from -4 to +6 g/m2 but were highly variable (standard deviation 19), with some samples showing increased N concentrations post-burn potentially from canopy ash. Noncombustible major nutrients such as Ca and K also were inherited from canopy ash. Thermogravimetry indicates a loss of thermally labile C and increase of lignin-like C in char and ash relative to unburned counterparts. Overall, atmospheric impacts of boreal fires include large emissions of C, N and Hg that vary greatly as a function of severe fire weather and its access to deep organic layers rich in C, N, and Hg. In terrestrial systems, burning rearranges the vertical distribution of nutrients in fuels and soils, the proximity of nutrients and permafrost to surface biota, and the chemical composition of soil including its nutrient and organic constituents, all of which impact C cycling.

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Citation:
Harden, Jennifer W.; Neff, J. C.; Sandberg, David V.; Turetsky, M. R.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Gleixner, G.; Fries, T. L.; Manies, K. L. 2004. Chemistry of burning the forest floor during the FROSTFIRE experimental burn, interior Alaska, 1999. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 18(GB3014):1-13.

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