Document


Title

Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate ecosystems [literature review]
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Mark E. Harmon; Jerry F. Franklin; Frederick J. Swanson; Phillip Sollins; Stanley V. Gregory; John D. Lattin; N. H. Anderson; S. P. Cline; Nicholas G. Aumen; James R. Sedell; G. W. Lienkaemper; Kermit Cromack Jr.; K. W. Cummins
Publication Year: 1986

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • Abies amabilis
  • Alabama
  • Betula
  • biogeochemical cycles
  • biomass
  • Blarina brevicauda
  • Buprestidae
  • carbon
  • carbon dioxide
  • Cascades Range
  • catastrophic fires
  • cavity nesting birds
  • Cerambycidae
  • chemistry
  • coastal forests
  • coniferous forests
  • decay
  • deciduous forests
  • decomposition
  • diameter classes
  • Diptera
  • distribution
  • disturbance
  • drainage
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • Fagus
  • fishes
  • Florida
  • fragmentation
  • gases
  • Georgia
  • hardwoods
  • heavy fuels
  • hymenoptera
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • invertebrates
  • Larix occidentalis
  • leaching
  • Lepidoptera
  • Liriodendron tulipifera
  • litter
  • logging
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • montane forests
  • mortality
  • Mustela
  • New England
  • nitrogen fixation
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • nutrient cycling
  • Oregon
  • organic matter
  • oxygen
  • Parus
  • Peromyscus
  • Picea
  • Picea engelmannii
  • Picea sitchensis
  • Pinus contorta
  • Pinus palustris
  • Pinus ponderosa
  • Populus tremuloides
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii
  • Quercus
  • Quercus prinus
  • rainforests
  • riparian habitats
  • rivers
  • Scolytidae
  • sedimentation
  • Sequoia sempervirens
  • size classes
  • sloping terrain
  • small mammals
  • snags
  • Sorex
  • stand characteristics
  • streams
  • temperate forests
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Thuja
  • tropical forests
  • Tsuga canadensis
  • Tsuga heterophylla
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • water quality
  • West Virginia
  • wildfires
  • windthrows
  • woody fuels
  • Zapus
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: August 13, 2020
FRAMES Record Number: 41982
Tall Timbers Record Number: 16966
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Journals-A
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

Publisher Summary: Coarse woody debris (CWD) is an important component of temperate stream and forest ecosystems. This chapter reviews the rates at which CWD is added and removed from ecosystems, the biomass found in streams and forests, and many functions that CWD serves. CWD is added to ecosystems by numerous mechanisms, including wind, fire, insect attack, pathogens, competition, and geomorphic processes. Despite the many long-term studies on tree mortality, there are few published rates of CWD input on mass-area-1 time-1 basis. CWD is significantly transformed physically and chemically. Movement of CWD, especially in streams, is also an important but poorly documented mechanism whereby CWD is lost from ecosystems. Many factors control the rate at which CWD decomposes, including temperature, moisture, internal gas composition of CWD, substrate quality, size of CWD, and types of organisms involved. However, the importance of many of these factors has yet to be established in field experiments. CWD performs many functions in ecosystems, serving as autotrophic and heterotrophic habitat and strongly influencing geomorphic processes, especially in streams. It is also a major component of nutrient cycles in many ecosystems and is an important functional component of stream and forest ecosystems.

Online Link(s):
Citation:
Harmon, Mark E. et al. 1986. Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate ecosystems. Advances in Ecological Research 15:133-302.