Document


Title

Summary of fires in Everglades National Park and Big Cypress National Preserve, 1979
Document Type: Whole Book
Author(s): D. L. Taylor
Publication Year: 1980

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • Big Cypress National Preserve
  • burning intervals
  • Cladium jamaicense
  • everglades
  • fire control
  • fire frequency
  • fire management
  • Florida
  • hammocks
  • hardwoods
  • human caused fires
  • humidity
  • lightning
  • lightning caused fires
  • Muhlenbergia
  • national parks
  • pine forests
  • prairies
  • precipitation
  • prescribed fires (chance ignition)
  • rate of spread
  • recreation
  • recreation related fires
  • Schinus terebinthifolius
  • season of fire
  • south Florida
  • statistical analysis
  • succession
  • swamps
  • Taxodium
  • vegetation surveys
  • wetlands
  • wildfires
  • wind
Region(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 40227
Tall Timbers Record Number: 14973
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: I29.95:T-595
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

From page 1...'Fire statistics for Everglades National Park and for Big Cypress National Preserve are presented for the 1979 calendar year. This annual fire summary is to supplement fire records presented by Taylor (1979) and Taylor (1980) for Everglades National Park, and to establish a systematic fire records system for the Big Cypress National Preserve. The 1979 fire season was the first year of National Park Service fire responsibility for portions of Big Cypress National Preserve compared to the 32nd year for Everglades National Park..... The fire year: Poor prescribed burning conditions were noted by all fire control agencies during early 1979. At the February Interagency Wildfire Council meeting, the Florida Division of Forestry Fort Myers District had burned only 600 acres of 15,000 acres scheduled and the Fort Lauderdale District had burned 3,000 to 4,000 acres of 70,000 acres scheduled for burning. Wet weather hampered the Recreation and Parks Division burning program as well as the Everglades National Park program. Prescribed burning conditions were good throughout the fall, however, and almost all planned prescribed burns were completed by November 1 in Everglades National Park. Number of fires, fire statistics and location of fires are shown on Table 1 and Figure 1. Total number of fires, number of prescribed natural fires (lightning), prescribed management fires, and prescribed research fires, were above average for the year (Table 2). Notable was the low number of man-caused wildfires. Fifteen prescribed fires and four prescribed research fires were set during the year compared to an average of 11.2 fires for the period of record (Table 2). As in past years (Taylor 1979) the small part of Everglades National Park near and including Management Unit 3 (Fig. 1) has approximately one-half the fires. Eighteen fires (51%) occurred within or near this small zone. Of these, 11 fires (31%) were pineland prescribed burns set to control hardwood succession, 3 (9%) were set for the prairies research project, 2 (6%) were lightning caused and 1 (3%) was a wildfire set in the campground. Two boundary burns (6%) (Nos. 7904 and 7906) were also set near Unit 3 (Fig. 1).'

Citation:
Taylor, D. L. 1980. Summary of fires in Everglades National Park and Big Cypress National Preserve, 1979. Report T-595. Homestead, FL, U.S. National Park Service, South Florida Research Center, Everglades National Park.