Document


Title

Silviculture of longleaf pine
Document Type: Book
Author(s): L. C. Walker; H. V. Wiant
Publication Year: 1966

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • age classes
  • Alabama
  • Aristida stricta
  • artificial regeneration
  • backfires
  • browse
  • chemical compounds
  • coastal plain
  • Colinus virginianus
  • competition
  • cones
  • Cronartium fusiforme
  • crowns
  • diameter classes
  • disturbance
  • droughts
  • fertility
  • fire dependent species
  • fire exclusion
  • fire frequency
  • fire intensity
  • fire management
  • fire protection
  • firebreaks
  • firing techniques
  • flatwoods
  • Florida
  • flowering
  • forage
  • forest management
  • game birds
  • Georgia
  • grasses
  • grasslands
  • grazing
  • hardwood forests
  • headfires
  • herbaceous vegetation
  • histories
  • Ilex glabra
  • insects
  • lightning
  • livestock
  • loblolly pine
  • logging
  • longleaf pine
  • Louisiana
  • moisture
  • nutrients
  • Odocoileus
  • old growth forests
  • pine
  • pine forests
  • Pinus echinata
  • Pinus elliottii
  • Pinus palustris
  • Pinus taeda
  • pioneer species
  • plant diseases
  • plant growth
  • plant nutrients
  • plantations
  • population density
  • Quercus
  • range management
  • reproduction
  • roots
  • sandhills
  • season of fire
  • second growth forests
  • seed dispersal
  • seed germination
  • seedlings
  • Serenoa repens
  • shortleaf pine
  • shrubs
  • site treatments
  • slash
  • slash pine
  • small mammals
  • snags
  • soil moisture
  • soils
  • South Carolina
  • sprouting
  • stand characteristics
  • statistical analysis
  • Texas
  • thinning
  • turpentine
  • vegetation surveys
  • wildlife habitat management
  • woody plants
  • xeric soils
Region(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 39945
Tall Timbers Record Number: 14676
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

From the text...'Longleaf pine prevails along the Gulf Coast from Louisiana to west Florida, though it occurs throughout most of the balance of the Coastal Plain. Pure stands probably once occupied. half of the southern pine area. Longleaf pine grows on clay as well as sand regardless of fertility, the principal demand upon the site being for adequate soil moisture which is particularly limiting to growth when vegetative competition is severe. Yet this is typically a dry-site species, xero-mesic oak-hickory stands replacing it in soils with high water-holding capacity in clay layers. Longleaf pine is not found on wet sites except when droughts accompany abundant seed fall and fires that eliminated shrub shade. Hence, soil moisture and fire history are responsible for the occurrence of the several types: pure longleaf, long-leaf pine-slash pine, and longleaf pine-turkey oak (Soc. Amer. For., 1954). Loblolly and shortleaf pines mix with longleaf pine in loamy flatwoods, while southern red oak and sweetgum occur on drier sites. Longleaf pine is more shade-tolerant than slash pine (Mattoon, 1916), but less so than other southern pines. A fire-subclimax type, this species dominates the forest only as long as periodic fires occur. In pre-historic times, dead snags struck by lightning burned, setting grassy longleaf pine forests on fire. With fire exclusion, the natural range has been receding, giving way to slash pine along the eastern Gulf and Atlantic coasts, and to loblolly pine in the western part of the Gulf coastal area. Acreage decline is also due to (1) overcutting which left vast expanses without even a single seed tree, (2) hog grazing on seedlings rich in carbohydrates, and (3) brown-spot needle blight which effectively keeps seedlings in the grass stage for up to 25 years. Further decline is expected as fire protection improves and because slash pine plantations are easily established.'

Citation:
Walker, L. C., and H. V. Wiant. 1966. Silviculture of longleaf pine. Bulletin No. 2. Nacogdoches, TX, Stephen F. Austin University.