Document


Title

Threshold requirements for fire spread in grassland fuels
Document Type: Whole Book
Author(s): R. G. Clark
Publication Year: 1983

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
backfires; Bothriochloa; Bouteloua curtipendula; Buchloe dactyloides; buds; chemistry; combustion; ecosystem dynamics; Eragrostis curvula; fire intensity; fire management; fire whirls; flame length; fuel loading; fuel management; fuel moisture; fuel types; grasses; grasslands; headfires; heat; Hilaria mutica; humidity; litter; phosphorus; Prosopis glandulosa; range management; rangelands; rate of spread; season of fire; shrubs; spot fires; statistical analysis; surface fires; Texas; trees; wildfires; wind; Xanthocephalum dracunculoides
Region(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: July 26, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 39873
Tall Timbers Record Number: 14601
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

From the Introduction...'Ecologic and economic benefits of prescribed burning have been documented for many rangeland ecosystems. However, increased attempts to use fire have been accompanied by an increased number of failures. Failures are fires that fail to carry, or fires that are of insufficient intensity to satisfy burning objectives. For example, some fires do not generate enough heat to ignite and consume chained woody debris, and other fires do not produce sufficiently long flames to kill elevated buds on shrubs or trees. Further, fires that fail are expensive because fireline preparation, usually the largest direct cost of burning, is completed before the failure of a fire. Failures also disrupt management plans, and delay implementation of alternate treatments. Fires may fail for several reasons. First, an improper combination of weather factors may have been used such as high relative humidity with low wind speed. Second, an insufficient, or unsatisfactorily arranged, fuel load may have been present. Third, the fire may not have corresponded with the proper stage of plant phenological development, resulting in an attempt to burn with excessive green material in the fuel bed array. These problems have been largely ignored for grasslands. Much of the published literature on fires in grassland fuels deals with wildfire behavior. Wildfires, however, often occur with weather and fuel conditions that are beyond safety limits for conducting prescribed fires. Grasslands with 340 kg/ha of fine fuel may burn readily under wildfire conditions but are difficult to burn safely under prescribed conditions. Thus, to conduct satisfactory prescribed fires in grasslands, information is needed on (1) the threshold weather and fuel conditions that allow fire to carry, (2) how fires that are successful behave, and (3) simple, field-oriented methods for practitioners to predict success or failure, and fireline intensity, so that the fire will safely fulfill objectives of burning.'

Citation:
Clark, R. G. 1983. Threshold requirements for fire spread in grassland fuels. Lubbock, TX, Texas Tech University.