From the text...'Natural succession, aided by man's reduction in the frequency of fire and his increasing uses for softwood, favors hardwood. Most harvest cuttings of timber benefit the forest seedbeds by stirring up the soil cover, but are not otherwise so planned as to foster desirable new growth. Yet pines need some cultural assistance to assure positive results in natural reproduction. Without it the pines probably cannot reclaim more than half the area being released by present cuttings. Barring accelerated progress of the littleleaf malady of shortleaf pine, complete conversion to hardwood will be slow because so much of the young pine is still below merchantable size. For this reason there was little commercial cutting in spite of heavy demands for forest products during the war years. The unusually large area of young pine in the southern Piedmont presents an outstanding opportunity for pine forest management that will economically arrest or delay natural succession, and produce satisfactory yields of third-growth pine timber.' ©Society of American Foresters. Abstract reproduced by permission.