Three hardwood stands in the Piedmont and Southern Appalachians of South Carolina and Georgia were clearfelled in the winter of 1982-83. Following harvest, designated study plots were broadcast burned during the fall of 1983. Hardwood coppice regrowth was measured one and two years after burning. Burning significantly increased the total number of basal sprouts for the. oak and miscellaneous species group. Poor drying conditions on north-facing slopes resulted in low intensity fires with less effect on sprout origin. Two years following treatment, the number of small stumps (<5 cm) having at least one living basal sprout were greatest on burned plots. Broadcast burning favorably influenced hardwood coppice regrowth by promoting basal sprouting and by encouraging sprouting from small stumps.