Oak ecosystems and human-set fires in the midwest: from prehistoric to historic times
Document Type: Book
Author(s): B. Bray
Publication Year: 1995

Cataloging Information

  • Acer saccharum
  • agriculture
  • Betula
  • bibliographies
  • Bison bison
  • boreal forests
  • Carya
  • charcoal
  • disturbance
  • European settlement
  • fire management
  • forest management
  • habitat conversion
  • hardwood forests
  • histories
  • human caused fires
  • hunting
  • Illinois
  • incendiary fires
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • land use
  • landscape ecology
  • lightning caused fires
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Native Americans
  • Ohio
  • paleoecology
  • paleontology
  • pine forests
  • Pinus banksiana
  • Pinus strobus
  • plant communities
  • plant diseases
  • pollen
  • prairies
  • prehistoric fires
  • presettlement fires
  • presettlement vegetation
  • Quercus
  • regeneration
  • season of fire
  • statistical analysis
  • Tsuga canadensis
  • Ulmus
  • wildlife
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 39668
Tall Timbers Record Number: 14369
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


From the text... 'The purpose of this report is to attempt to evaluate the evidence for widespread human manipulation of the environment in the Midwestern United States. The study will focus primarily on the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, and Ohio. Two main issues will be investigated. First, how did the land-use practices of Native Americans and European/American settlers influence the vegetation around them? And second, what role, if any, did human land-use practices play in the development and/or maintenance, of oak ecosystems? METHODS: Information on land-use practices from prehistoric times until the early twentieth century was needed to examine the impact of Native Americans and European/American settlers on the landscape. Historical materials such as the travel narratives of explorers or the journals of settlers were examined for first-hand information on the past few hundred years. Additional historical information was obtained from county and state histories, gazetteers, reports from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and anthropological publications. Archaeological studies provided insight into prehistoric times, while information on vegetation and climate change was obtained from pollen and charcoal studies.'

Bray, B. 1995. Oak ecosystems and human-set fires in the midwest: from prehistoric to historic times. Madison, WI, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Research.