Document


Title

Retardant evaluation test: report on the effectiveness of liquid ammonium phosphate (10-34-0) as a fire retardant in aerial delivery operations
Document Type: Book
Author(s): W. B. Flanner
Publication Year: 1972

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • chemistry
  • combustion
  • fine fuels
  • fire intensity
  • fire management
  • fire retardants
  • fire suppression (aerial)
  • flame length
  • fuel moisture
  • fuel types
  • litter
  • North Carolina
  • phosphate
  • phosphorus
  • pocosins
  • rate of spread
  • wildfires
Region(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: July 25, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 39143
Tall Timbers Record Number: 13776
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: NC State Docs DDW
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

The effectiveness of a liquid ammonium phosphate (10-34-0) was evaluated as a fire retardant on a series of test fires on the Hofmann Forest during the spring of 1972. The liquid ammonium phosphate was dropped from air tankers in unthickened and thickened states. The air drops were made directly on the head of the test fires and indirectly by dropping in front of the head and allowing the head of the fire to burn into the retardant. The results showed that thickened liquid ammonium phosphate is an effective fire retardant when used in direct and indirect attack. Unthickened liquid ammonium phosphate is effective when used in an indirect attack.

Citation:
Flanner, W. B. 1972. Retardant evaluation test: report on the effectiveness of liquid ammonium phosphate (10-34-0) as a fire retardant in aerial delivery operations. Forestry Note No. 2. Raliegh, NC, Forest Service, North Carolina.