Some basic concepts from the general theory of systems are presented. Six characteristics common to all systems (components, structure, resources, process, control, and objectives)are disussed and related to a fire management context. Wildland fire mangement is examined from a sysems point of view. A high-level overview of fire management and the environment within which its functions is discribed in terms of an eight-component model.The components external to fire management are subdivided once to provide a more detailed book at the overall system. Two levels of fire management are exmined with the aid of four and nine-component models.