From the summary ... 'Prescribed burning can be done with few adverse effects on air quality by employing recently developed smoke management techniques. Professionals who plan and direct prescribed burning activities try to avoid causing public inconvenience due to smoke. Occasionally, however, some temporary local inconvenience will be experienced when southern pinelands are burned by prescription. The many benefits of prescribed burning, as well as its adverse effects, must be taken into account to fairly evaluate the practice. Little use of scarce energy items is involved in prescribed burning and the practice is compatible with natural systems. These are additional facts deserving consideration. Most alternative treatments entail using expensive, high-energy demanding equipment. Chemical treatments generally are more expensive than prescribed burning and their effective and safe application requires highly specialized expertise. The future of the timber industry in the Southern Region is closely tied to the continuing use of prescribed fire in intensive management of pine-producing lands.'