Further studies of the nature of bushfire smoke
Document Type: Book
Author(s): L. F. Evans; N. K. King; D. A. MacArthur; D. R. Packham; E. T. Stephens
Publication Year: 1976

Cataloging Information

  • air quality
  • ash
  • Australia
  • carbon
  • carbon dioxide
  • chemistry
  • fire intensity
  • fire management
  • light
  • nitrogen
  • ozone
  • particulates
  • radiation
  • sampling
  • smoke management
  • SO2 - sulfur dioxide
  • Victoria
  • western Australia
  • International
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: July 12, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 38782
Tall Timbers Record Number: 13395
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File DDW
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


In-flight measurements of the following parameters have been carried out in the smoke from prescribed fires: carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, particulate matter, integrated light scattering coefficient and ultraviolet radiation intensity. One fire (in Victoria) was of high intensity; the remainder (in Western Australia) were prescribed fires of low intensity designed to reduce the fuel on the forest floor. 1.The proportion of fuel that became particulate matter was 0.44% for the high intensity burn and 2-4% for the low intensity fuel reduction bums. 2. The particulate matter from the high intensity burn was lower in tar and higher in ash than that from the low intensity fuel reduction fires 3.The concentration of particulate matter, d (g m-3), was related to the integrated light scattering coefficient, bs (m-1, at 550 nm), by the relationship d = 0.25bs. 4. Significant quantities of ozone were produced by the action of sunlight on the smoke, but because ultraviolet radiation was strongly attenuated by the smoke, elevated ozone concentrations were found only in the top few hundred metres of the plume. 5. The maximum concentration of nitrogen dioxide in the smoke at no time exceeded 0.024 ppm above the level measured in clean air outside the smoke plume. 6. No sulphur dioxide concentrations greater than 0.01 ppm were encountered.

Evans, L. F., N. K. King, D. A. MacArthur, D. R. Packham, and E. T. Stephens. 1976. Further studies of the nature of bushfire smoke. Division of Applied Organic Chemistry Technical Paper No. 2. n.p., Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Australia.